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Looking to combat your grey complexion after a few too many? We spoke to the experts about the effects of alcohol on skin, why drink causes these issues and how you can lessen the damage.
There are so many health benefits of not drinking alcohol (opens in new tab), but we understand that not everyone wants to stop drinking alcohol (opens in new tab) completely. That being said, if you’re consuming alcohol frequently, chances are you're not getting the sleep you need either, which can leave you with dark circles under the eyes (opens in new tab) and a whole plethora of other skin issues.
From dullness and enlarged pores, to blotchiness, increased redness and puffiness - we've explored how breaking down alcohol in the body can trigger these skin side effects. Plus the drinks you need to steer clear of if you're keen to beat boozy breakouts.
What are the effects of alcohol on skin?
Drinking alcohol results in two things. Dehydration and inflammation. Here, we've gone into detail about just how dehydration and inflammation effects the skin and why you might want to stick to sparkling water on your evenings out.
The effects of dehydration from alcohol
- Loss of elasticity, leading to wrinkles and sagging skin
- Enlarged pores
“Alcohol is known to dehydrate the skin, depriving it of the moisture and nutrients it needs to keep our complexion looking radiant, supple and youthful," says Dr Rita Rakus (opens in new tab), Cosmetic Doctor.
"Alcohol removes the fluid in the skin which can increase the appearance of wrinkles, dryness and sagging skin. As alcohol is a diuretic, it means that it actively draws water away from the body, significantly lowering the body’s water level, therefore causing dehydration. Dehydrated skin can look dry and unhealthy, both in the colour of the skin as well as the texture."
According to Dr Ioannis Liakas, Medical Director at Vie Aesthetics, (opens in new tab) dehydration can also lead to congestion, "Dehydration due to alcohol can also dilate the pores of the skin, leading to an increase of blackheads and whiteheads. If this is poorly treated, it can go on to cause acne and rosacea. In the long term, this ages skin and can cause permanent scarring."
The effects of inflammation from alcohol
- Increased redness or flushing of the skin
- Acne (opens in new tab)
GP and online doctor at MedExpress, Dr Clare Morrison, sheds some light on exactly how inflammation can cause skin issues. “Alcoholic drinks, notably cocktails and wine, are incredibly high in sugar, and this will show in your skin if you are consuming more than the recommended amount. Sugar [in alcoholic drinks] has been shown to trigger the hormone IGF-1, which causes an overproduction of oil in your skin, increasing your chances of breakouts or acne.”
If you suffer from the skin condition rosacea, it’s highly likely that alcohol will exacerbate your symptoms. “Rosacea is a condition that is triggered by alcohol consumption – especially red wine – as it’s an inflammatory condition, so when we drink alcohol we’re increasing chances of a flare-up," says Dr Clare.
"Alcohol consumption is also a culprit for causing inflammatory signals within the skin causing redness and flushing due to its vasodilatory effect (it opens up the blood vessels and increases the blood flow above the normal levels)," explains Dr Ana, Aesthetic Doctor at Kat & Co (opens in new tab). "Alcohol is also well known for leading to fluid retention and puffiness across the face. Rosacea, a challenging chronic inflammatory condition of the skin is very commonly triggered and driven by alcohol."
With continued alcohol use, a 2021 study (opens in new tab) by the Department of Dermatology at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine revealed that, "Alcohol misuse can present with jaundice, pruritus (itchy skin), pigmentary alterations, urticaria (hives), hair and nail changes, and oral changes. It is also a risk factor for skin cancer and infections." So, alcohol is certainly a substance that should be consumed in moderation or better yet, not at all!
The worst alcoholic drinks for your skin
From research into the types of alcoholic drinks and their effect on the skin, it’s fair to say that some are worse than others. 'The higher the alcohol content the worse the impact on the skin, therefore it is important to stick to the recommended consumption levels,' says Dr Ana, Aesthetic Doctor at Kat & Co. (opens in new tab)
Of course, drinking full stop will aggravate skin but if you want to enjoy a tipple or two, we ranked the most common drinks from worst to best for your skin...
Worst: Dark spirits (whiskey, scotch, brandy, cognac, dark rum)
If you’re partial to a few JD and cokes on a night out, then you may find yourself waking up with awful hangovers. In fact, dark spirits are generally make for the worst hangovers and are the worst culprits for bad skin.
Dark spirits, such as whiskey and brandy contain congeners – chemicals such as tannings and methanol which are created in the fermentation process – and these make hangovers worse.
The alcohol content or ABV (alcohol by volume) is generally higher in dark liquor too and according to Dr Ana, dark liquors have, 'the highest alcohol content,' meaning their effect on skin can be much worse than others.
Despite red wine being hailed as the ‘healthiest’ choice of alcohol because it contains antioxidants, it is actually one of the most damaging alcohols for your skin. This is because red wine tends to be unfiltered. And according to Dr Ana, 'Unfiltered red wine requires higher levels of processing by the body.'
Essentially, because red vino is unfiltered, the liver and kidneys have to work harder to process it, and it’s the most likely booze to cause flushing, redness, and blotchy skin – which is bad news if you already suffer from a skin condition that causes redness, such as rosacea.
Everyone loves holding a fancy cocktail glass in their hand, but your faves like Pornstar Martinis and Cosmopolitans are also bad news if you want to keep a clear complexion as the high sugar content in most cocktails can lead to inflammation, which increases cell damage and is a cause of acne. Dr Ana explains, "Cocktails are extremely high in sugar levels leading to glycation." The terrible news? Glycation is a natural process in the body in which sugar molecules attach themselves to proteins including collagen and break them down. This means loss of elastin and more wrinkles.
The high sugar levels of cocktails can also leave skin looking dull and sallow. So next time you’re perusing the menu on a night out, bear in mind that a Margarita is the worst offender as it contains both sugar and salt, both of which can leave skin puffy.
Unfortunately, white wine tends to be high in sugar too just like cocktails. "The high sugar content of white wine leads to a decreased levels of GAGs (Glycosaminoglycans - these support the proteins of our cells) which in turn, breaks down collagen and elastin.
Like cocktails, white wines high sugar content can also lead to dull, sallow skin and puffiness -the last thing you want for your face.
One of the least offensive alcohols for your skin is beer. "Alcohol is a toxin with very little nutrient value," says Dr Liakas."Any alcohol will negatively impact the quality, appearance and ageing of your skin. However, if it's something you are not willing to give up, there are some types of alcohol you can indulge in without feeling too guilty about its effects on your skin." One of such, is beer.
Although beer isn't ideal for the skin, according to Dr Ana, "Beer is filling so amounts tend to be limited and it has some antioxidant benefits." And according to research (opens in new tab), "Beer...contains a variety of compounds that offer both appreciated sensorial characteristics and health advantages." But this doesn't mean it's good for you. The antioxidants found in beer are limited and it should still be drunk in moderation.
Best: Clear spirits (vodka, gin, tequila, white rum, sake)
Lighter coloured drinks such as vodka, gin and tequila contain the least amount of additives and are processed by the body quickest. This means that they should have the least impact on your skin, therefore minimising potential damage.
Dr Liakas suggests, "Clear spirits can also be categorised as the ‘better’ alcoholic beverages for your skin. Gin is made of juniper berries which are labelled as ‘super foods’ ergo can improve blood circulation to the face, providing a youthful appearance for some individuals. Vodka, on the other hand, is associated with combating signs of blackheads, tightening pores and disinfecting the skin."
Although you may still suffer a hangover the next day, drinking lighter drinks may minimise your suffering slightly (and the amount of bacon sandwiches you have to consume!) because they don’t contain congeners. In fact, a study by the British Medical Association found bourbon is twice as likely to cause a hangover as the same amount of vodka.
How to reduce the effects of alcohol on your skin:
Keep hydrated. It may sound like an obvious one, but one of the most important things you can do to help your skin is to drink enough water (opens in new tab).
After a night out, Faye Purcell, Development Chemist at Q+A (opens in new tab) skincare suggests, getting a pint of H20 in, “Dehydrated skin needs to be treated from within, and plain and simple water is your best option. So, drink up before bed, and keep as hydrated as you can the next day. Leave a pint of water by your bed and drink it before you go to sleep. The next day, try infusing your water with cucumber, citrus or mint for an extra antioxidant boost.”
Drinking alcohol dehydrates your skin as your kidneys go into overdrive trying to flush out the excess liquids. "Drinking a lot of water alongside alcohol intake is advised to ensure you counteract the dehydration that alcohol may inflict," says Dr Liakas. So, it's important to get rehydrating ASAP.
As well as keeping your body in shape and taking care of your inner health, exercise improves the blood flow throughout the skin, helping to keep it looking healthy, juicy and plump. Dr Liakas agrees, "One of the ways you can improve the effects [of alcohol on the skin] is by exercising regularly. This can take care of your health from within, helping to improve the blood flow throughout the skin and enabling it to look healthy, silky and plump." Get sweating with a fun workout and this will clear your pores too.
Include supplements into your diet
Alcohol can drain the body of vitamin A, which is the vitamin responsible for cell turnover, so by taking a daily supplement you can help to encourage the cell regeneration process which you’ve inhibited by drinking alcohol. You can also take a supplement (opens in new tab) dedicated to keeping your skin, hair and nails healthy which can help repair your skin damages in an efficient manner. Other supplements that can help restore the balance to your skin include vitamins C, E, B1, B6, B2, B3 and Omega 3.
"Including supplements into your diet can encourage regeneration of cells which is often blocked if excessive drinking takes place," says Dr Liakas. "Skinade (opens in new tab) solutions are drinkable skincare supplements which contain vital nutrients that are delivered directly to your skin to counteract the damage that alcohol could have on your skin, taking such supplements, it can aid in restoring the vitamin levels & balance to your skin."
Drink non-alcoholic alternatives
Just because you're not drinking booze, it doesn't mean you can't enjoy a fancy cocktail. Known as a 'mocktail', most bars and restaurants will offer non-alcoholic alternatives to the cocktails on their menu.
There's also plenty of non-alcoholic beers and wines on the market, so if you're serious about cutting down your alcohol intake but still want something a bit more exciting than H20, there are lots to choose from.
Do your skincare before bed
This applies to everyone, whether you're drunk or sober. We've all been there but this really is important when it comes to looking after your skin.
We asked Faye what to look out for, “We know your usual skincare regime may go out of the window following a night out, so if you only do one thing after cleansing, apply a rich moisturiser that contains antioxidants and ingredients that help soothe and hydrate.”
“Applying calming and ultra-nourishing ingredients should be a priority! You want to look out for ingredients called humectants which will draw moisture from the air into your skin to replenish your cell's water levels and work best when applied to damp skin. Look for hyaluronic acid, glycerine and panthenol (Vitamin B5) on the ingredients list of your products.”
Dr Liakas was on board too, "Doing your skincare before bed applies to everyone, but it is especially important when skin damage is evident from drinking. It is recommended to cleanse thoroughly and apply a rich moisturiser which contains antioxidants and ingredients to help soothe and hydrate your skin layer. Calming products are always a safe choice to ensure any redness or inflammation is controlled and taken care of."
Sleep with an extra pillow
Believe it or not, sleeping with two pillows in bed slightly propped up is one of the best ways to minimise eye and face puffiness. This is because dark circles can be caused by fluids that tend to pool in the under-eye area if your head is lying flat.
Dr Ana recommends catching up on sleep after a night out and putting an extra pillow down too,"Ensuring a good night's sleep and avoiding becoming run down will be beneficial. Sleeping propped up may also help to reduce fluid accumulation and puffiness across the facial tissues in particular, the eyes."
It also helps to sleep in a cool, darkroom. Studies have shown a direct link between core body temperature and sleep quality, concluding that cooler temperatures do not interfere with the body’s natural REM cycle.
When you’re able to get a good night’s sleep, your skin and body can much more effectively recharge, allowing you to wake up looking and feeling refreshed.
Choose your cover-up carefully
If you're adamant that you're not leaving the house without make-up on, then always use a lightweight and moisturising foundation. To camouflage any redness in your face, try using a green-tinted primer before applying any make-up, which should help neutralise any redness.
It's best to avoid using powders if you're trying to improve your skin as they can be drying on the skin.
What happens to skin when you stop drinking alcohol
Whether you decide to cut down on drinking or completely stop, avoiding alcohol is inevitably going to be great for your skin. Dr Liakas explains, "Once one decides to stop drinking or cut down on the consumption of alcohol in general, it can have great positive impacts on your skin. The skin will look more hydrated, plumper and brighter."
Your body is an amazing regenerator and the negative effects of alcohol can be reversed if you act in good time. "The negative effects can be reversed," says Dr Liakas. "Wrinkles, pores and acne can be improved if you decide to put time and effort into your daily lifestyle and skincare regime."
Here’s what will happen to your skin when you quit drinking:
- Hydrated, plumper skin
- Fewer wrinkles
- Brighter skin
- Smaller pores
- Excessive redness will disappear
- Acne may improve
- Skin tone becomes even
- Puffiness subsides
- Flare-ups of rosacea become more infrequent
Anna Bailey stopped drinking alcohol (opens in new tab) in 2019 and has noticed a dramatic improvement in her skin, "I'm so much happier with my skin since I stopped drinking," she said. "I used to spend a fortune on skin creams and facials, and they'd barely make a difference - but quitting alcohol, even in just the first couple of weeks, had a dramatic and instant effect on my complexion."
"I have less fine lines, smoother skin and the vertical crease between my eyes, which was also SO much worse when I was hungover, has disappeared. I've also noticed small bumps on my skin and raised freckles seem to have shrunk down. I no longer suffer from 'drunks dawn' - waking up at 5am with a hangover - so my beauty sleep isn't interrupted and I don't look or feel as tired as I used to. When I was hungover, I couldn't resist gorging on sweets and greasy takeaways - and I'm sure cutting down on these has really helped as well."
If you’re struggling with the use of alcohol or are in need of help and guidance. Head to the NHS website or visit www.drinkaware.co.uk for more information.
Video of the Week:
Can your skin recover from alcohol? ›
These side-effects can have a lasting impact, lead to more wrinkles, and speed up your skin's aging process. Fortunately, your skin can bounce back from the effects of alcohol. By giving your body a month-long break from drinking, you're allowing your skin to rehydrate and regenerate.Is it possible to reverse the damage of alcohol? ›
However, in most cases, the full extent of the damage produced by chronic and heavy alcohol use on the cardiovascular system is not fully resolved. Typically, any reversal of damage occurs rapidly in the first months to the first year of abstinence and then slows down following that.How do I replenish my skin after drinking? ›
Hydrate from the outside in. It will take some time to rehydrate your skin by drinking water, so you'll also want to combat dehydration from the outside as well. Skincare products containing hyaluronic acid are a good choice to help hydrate skin after drinking alcohol.How long does skin recover from alcohol? ›
"It takes approximately 28 days for your skin to renew itself", says Imogen. "This process varies from person to person and is age dependent, so to see a difference in the condition of your skin you would need to give up drinking for at least a month to see an improvement."How do you overcome damaged skin? ›
- Apply sunscreen.
- Wear clothing that provide UV protection.
- Drink sufficient water.
- Use skin moisturizers.
- Get enough sleep.
- Use lip balm.
- Use clean sheets and pillow cases.
- Exercise (sweat)
When you drink, the dehydrating (or 'diuretic') effect of alcohol means your skin loses fluid and nutrients that are vital for healthy-looking skin. This can make your skin look wrinkled, dull and grey, or bloated and puffy. Dehydrated skin may also be more prone to some types of eczema.Will I look younger if I stop drinking alcohol? ›
You look younger.
When your skin dries out, it becomes less elastic. As a result, you might look older and more wrinkled after just one night of heavy drinking. If you drink often, the effect is compounded. However, once you quit drinking, you start looking younger pretty quickly.
The new research shows that it takes at least two weeks for the brain to start returning to normal, so this is the point at which the alcohol recovery timeline begins. Until the brain has recovered, it is less able so suppress the urge to drink.Is it too late to reverse alcohol? ›
Drinking too much alcohol can cause many problems and unwanted effects on your health and well-being. But some people might think they can't stop drinking because they're used to drinking too much or for too long. In reality, it is never too late for you to stop drinking alcohol and recover from its harms.How much do you have to drink to cause permanent damage? ›
Heavy drinking, or binge drinking five or more days in the past month, can lead to long-term brain damage that simultaneously damages other areas of the body.
Does quitting drinking improve skin? ›
Giving up alcohol will have a positive impact on your skin due to you having better levels of hydration. As more water will have been absorbed rather than wasted, you are likely to have more hydrated-looking skin, as well as reduced dandruff and eczema.What vitamins do you need to replenish after drinking alcohol? ›
Some people use complex vitamins such as B1 and B2. These include B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), folic acid, B6 and B12, among others — to combat hangovers swear by their effectiveness. The most heralded is B12 (also called cobalamin), which performs a key role in the functioning of the brain and nervous system.What drinks rejuvenate skin? ›
- Lemon Water And Honey. Consuming lemon and honey with lukewarm water can work wonders for your skin. ...
- Fruit Juices. Freshly squeezed fruit juices contain a lot of vitamins and micronutrients that boost your skin health. ...
- Green Tea. Image: Shutterstock. ...
- Vegetable Juices. ...
- Turmeric Milk. ...
- Coconut Water.
Dehydration can sap your skin of moisture and elasticity, leading to sagginess, dryness, and wrinkles. In other words, alcohol use can make you look old. Moreover, the older you get, the more likely you are to be dehydrated. Even one night of heavy drinking can make your lines and wrinkles look more pronounced.Can you reverse facial redness from alcohol? ›
Medicines called histamine-2 (H2) blockers can control facial flushing. These drugs work by slowing the breakdown of alcohol to acetaldehyde in your bloodstream. Common H2 blockers include: Pepcid.Does alcohol cause collagen loss? ›
Unfortunately, alcohol depletes your body's vitamin levels. Fewer vitamins mean less collagen production. By depriving your body of collagen, alcohol deprives your body of collagen's numerous health benefits, notably the health of your hair and skin.What is the first step to repairing damaged skin? ›
1. Apply Pure Aloe Vera Gel. Aloe vera has been used throughout history to assist with skin repair. Typically, we think of aloe vera whenever we've spent too much time in the sun, however it's also a great option for acne-related skin damage.How long does damaged skin take to repair? ›
In adults, it takes between 28 and 42 days. In those age 50 and older, the skin renewal process can take up to 84 days. With age, it takes longer for your skin to repair and replace the damaged cells, hence the more built-up dead skin cells on the top layer of the skin.How do you restore skin barrier damage? ›
Hydrate Continuously. A damaged epidermis requires moisture, so keeping your face and body well hydrated is critical in the fight to restore and maintain a healthy skin barrier. Reach for creams, lotions and serums that contain moisture-binding humectants, such as glycerin, sorbitol and hyaluronic acid.Does quitting alcohol change your face? ›
As soon as you give up alcohol, it's amazing just how fast your appearance will change. You'll look more vibrant, in shape, and healthy. In addition to all of these big changes above, you'll also experience less puffiness, less bloating, a slimmer appearance, clearer eyes, and smoother skin.
Is alcohol ruining my face? ›
Alcohol causes your body and skin to lose fluid (dehydrate). Dry skin wrinkles more quickly and can look dull and grey. Alcohol's diuretic (water-loss) effect also causes you to lose vitamins and nutrients.Is a bottle of wine a day too much to drink? ›
Drinking a bottle of wine per day is not considered healthy by most standards. However, when does it morph from a regular, innocent occurrence into alcohol use disorder (AUD) or alcoholism? First, it's important to note that building tolerance in order to drink an entire bottle of wine is a definitive red flag.What does wine face look like? ›
Following an intake of vino, Talib would expect pronounced lines or redness to appear between the eyes, pores to enlarge, cheeks to redden, eyelids to droop and skin to dehydrate, causing feathery lines across the cheeks.What happens when you quit drinking for a year? ›
What are the results? A few months in, I experienced improved sleep, increased energy, less spiky blood sugar, better mental health, fewer bouts of anxiety. These days, I have fewer headaches and my whole digestive system, in general, feels less irritated and inflamed, with a growing sense of general wellbeing.What is considered a heavy drinker? ›
For men, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 15 drinks or more per week. For women, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 8 drinks or more per week.What happens if you drink alcohol everyday for a year? ›
Long-Term Health Risks. Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including: High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.Is it too late to stop drinking at 60? ›
It's never too late to stop drinking, even if you're already experiencing health problems as a result of excess alcohol consumption. The amount of alcohol required to do long-term damage is surprisingly low, so even cutting back by a few drinks a week can have a dramatic impact on your health and longevity.What damage does drinking every day do? ›
Several important takeaways include: Alcohol can affect the GI tract, heart, kidneys, liver, and vascular system in the short-term. Chronic alcohol abuse can include arrhythmias, cirrhosis, and risk of stroke. Alcohol abuse can contribute to or worsen mental health conditions over time.How many drinks per week is considered an alcoholic? ›
For men, consuming more than 4 drinks on any day or more than 14 drinks per week. For women, consuming more than 3 drinks on any day or more than 7 drinks per week.What alcohol does to your body after 40? ›
Drinking too much alcohol over a long time can: Lead to some kinds of cancer, liver damage, immune system disorders, and brain damage. Worsen some health conditions such as osteoporosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, ulcers, memory loss, and mood disorders.
How do you know if your body is damaged from alcohol? ›
As the liver becomes more severely damaged, more obvious and serious symptoms can develop, such as: yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice) swelling in the legs, ankles and feet caused by a build-up of fluid (oedema) swelling in your abdomen caused by a build-up of fluid known as ascites.What are the first signs of damage from alcohol? ›
- feeling sick.
- weight loss.
- loss of appetite.
- yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
- swelling in the ankles and tummy.
- confusion or drowsiness.
- vomiting blood or passing blood in your stools.
Generally, symptoms of alcoholic liver disease include abdominal pain and tenderness, dry mouth and increased thirst, fatigue, jaundice (which is yellowing of the skin), loss of appetite, and nausea. Your skin may look abnormally dark or light.What 5 parts of the body can alcohol damage? ›
- Brain: Alcohol interferes with the brain's communication pathways, and can affect the way the brain looks and works. ...
- Heart: Drinking a lot over a long time or too much on a single occasion can damage the heart, causing problems including:
- Liver: ...
- Pancreas: ...
- Cancer: ...
- Immune System:
Organs known to be damaged by long-term alcohol misuse include the brain and nervous system, heart, liver and pancreas. Heavy drinking can also increase your blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, both of which are major risk factors for heart attacks and strokes.What happens to your body when you drink alcohol everyday? ›
Long-Term Health Risks. Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including: High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.How long does damage from alcohol last? ›
Once an alcoholic has stopped drinking, these cells return to their normal volume, showing that some alcohol-related brain damage is reversible. "We found evidence for a rather rapid recovery of the brain from alcohol induced volume loss within the initial 14 days of abstinence," said Ende.What are 4 warning signs of a damaged liver? ›
- Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
- Abdominal pain and swelling.
- Swelling in the legs and ankles.
- Itchy skin.
- Dark urine color.
- Pale stool color.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Nausea or vomiting.
The short answer is yes: blood testing can show heavy alcohol use. However, timing plays a significant role in the accuracy of blood alcohol testing. In a typical situation, blood alcohol tests are only accurate six to 12 hours after someone consumes their last beverage.What organ does alcohol damage first? ›
It passes quickly into your bloodstream and travels to every part of your body. Alcohol affects your brain first, then your kidneys, lungs and liver.
What is considered heavy drinking? ›
What do you mean by heavy drinking? For men, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 15 drinks or more per week. For women, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 8 drinks or more per week.What are 3 symptoms of an alcoholic? ›
Some of the most common symptoms of alcohol abuse are: Experiencing temporary blackouts or short-term memory loss. Exhibiting signs of irritability and extreme mood swings. Making excuses for drinking such as to relax, deal with stress or feel normal.