Dog Vomit — A Guide To The Yucky Stuff - Nom Nom (2023)

Dog Vomit — A Guide To The Yucky Stuff - Nom Nom (1)

Causes of Vomiting in Dogs
When Your Dog is Vomiting White Foam?
Dog Vomit Color Guide
How to Treat Vomiting in Dogs
Vomiting in Puppies
When is Dog Vomiting an Emergency?

There’s a million (or so) reasons your dog might lose its lunch, and the vast majority aren’t any serious cause for concern.

According to our team of board certified veterinary nutritionists, dogs tend to bounce back from vomiting more quickly than humans.

Still, any vet will tell you that dog vomit can be a symptom of issues ranging from the mild to the severe. Especially if you’re not already familiar with the ins and outs of your dog’s microbiome. But first, a key distinction:

Dog Vomiting vs. Regurgitation

Though the terms are often used interchangeably, dog regurgitation and dog vomiting have very different definitions, and often very different causes.

Vomiting In Dogs...

typically involves active abdominal contractions. You might hear your dog make a retching noise, see his abs working, or notice that he’s hunched over, drooling or licking his lips. It typically comes up with yellow bile.

Regurgitation In Dogs...

starts in the esophagus or pharynx, usually without any warning — and without abdominal contractions. The regurgitated material may be coated with saliva and mucus, and typically appears completely undigested.

What Causes Vomiting In Dogs?

If your dog is in fact vomiting (and not just regurgitating), you’ll want to work with your vet to find out the cause as quickly as possible. We break it down into three categories for the likely candidates:

Diet-Related Causes
Environmental Causes
Health-Related Causes

Diet-Related Causes of Vomiting in Dogs


Gastroenteritis in dogsis one of the most common causes of vomiting. It’s a common inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to a sudden change in diet or ingestion of a foreign object.

What to Do: Gastroenteritis usually resolves itself without any treatment, but fasting may be helpful. Make slow, attainable adjustments to their diet rather than big leaps.

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Dog Food Allergies

Food allergies tend to show up in the form of skin or gastrointestinal problems, though they’re far less common in dogs as they are people.

What to Do: Determining which food or foods are causing the reaction can be tricky, and usually requires a food trial. Read more about how to conduct one right here.

Dog Food Intolerance

No one quite knows the reasoning behind food intolerances in dogs, but it may be due to sensitivity to specific nutrients or compounds in foods.

What to Do: Either way, detecting a food intolerance requires a bit of trial and error. Once you’ve identified the culprit, start eliminating it gradually from your dog’s diet.

Bilious Vomiting Syndrome (BVS)

Bilious Vomiting Syndrome is a sensitivity to the bile present in the dog’s own stomach, resulting in green-and-yellow intermittent vomiting.

What to Do: Feeding your dog more frequently, especially late at night, can help manage the symptoms.


Pancreatitis is characterized by inflammation in the pancreas, presenting in acute or chronic episodes.

What to Do: If your dog is vomiting repeatedly, hunching or running a fever, your vet can run a blood test to test for pancreatitis. In dogs, both acute and chronic pancreatitis may solve themselves after you wean them back onto their normal — or if necessary — low-fat diet.

(P.S. Some foods people eat regularly are toxic to and can cause vomiting in dogs, as well as some of the above conditions. Find a brief list of the most common ones here.)

Environmental Causes of Vomiting in Dogs

Foreign Object Ingestion

"Many dogs don’t discriminate. Toys, rocks, underwear— you name it, and dogs will swallow it," says Shmalberg. "These things can get stuck in the outflow of the stomach or in the intestine, which causes a backup—and vomiting follows."


While the word "parasite" usually makes us think of worms, there are many vomit-inducing parasites completely invisible to the human eye.

What to Do: Be preventative. The best course of action is always routine deworming and fecal examinations.

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Chemicals, cleaners, fertilizers, antifreeze, topical flea and tick medications and even certain plants consist of serious toxic materials that can pose serious danger for your dog.

What to Do: If your dog has had exposure to any of these directly before vomiting, call your vet or contact ASPCA poison control for more information.

Medicines or Supplements

Watch out for:

  • Flea and tick preventatives
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Cyclosporine

What to Do: Your dog’s condition should improve shortly after vomiting their medication. If not, call your vet or local pet emergency facility.


Fungal infections that affect the gastrointestinal tract are rare in dogs, but do still occur.

What to Do: Your dog’s condition should improve shortly after vomiting their medication. If not, call your vet or local pet emergency facility.

Health-Related Causes of Vomiting

Gastric dilatation or gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV)

Gastric dilatation (in dogs) is a fast-progressing and potentially life-threatening condition. It's an issue usually in large breed, deep-chested dogs, and the exact cause is unknown.

What to do: If your dog is dry-heaving, seems extremely uncomfortable and fits the big dog profile, call the vet ASAP.

Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)

Strangely enough, most cases of HGE occur suddenly in otherwise healthy dogs; it's more common in smaller breeds.

What to do: Fortunately, the condition seems to resolve itself over the course of a few days with proper supportive care. Dogs can become dehydrated rapidly, so contact your vet.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

IBD usually happens when abnormal amounts of immune cells mount in the dog's intestines and/or stomach.

What to do: Medication, diet changes or B12 supplementation may be necessary. Speak with your vet about the options.

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Sadly, cancer can cause just about any symptom in dogs. And dogs with cancer may experience vomiting related to tumors or related complications.

What to do: Develop a care plan with your vet if you haven’t already. Many counseling services, like CancerCare can help you find free resources and financial assistance along the way.

Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease generally shows itself with excessive drinking, urination and at times increased vomiting.

What to do: Again, develop a care plan with your vet if you haven’t already.

Liver and/or Gallbladder Disease

Infections and inflammation in the liver and gallbladder are commonly known to cause vomiting.

What to do: Your dog may need further supplementation, diet alterations or more serious examination. Speak with your vet before you do anything.

Dog Diabetes

As in humans, diabetes in dogs directly correlates to metabolism. Diabetic dogs often vomit, drink and urinate more often than usual before they’re diagnosed.

What to do: Talk to your vet about diet adjustments, insulin injections and management plans to help them avoid further vomiting episodes.

Infections in Dogs

Infections of the stomach and intestines are certainly possible, but they're not as often a cause of chronic vomiting.

What to do: Typically, dogs will clear harmful bacteria or require acute treatment for infections like salmonella.

Adrenal dysfunction

If your dog is chronically producing too few hormones (Addison’s disease) or too many (Cushing’s disease), either condition can cause vomiting.

What to do: Addison’s and Cushing’s diseases require persistent management and a long-term care plan developed between you and your vet.

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When Your Dog Is Vomiting White Foam

One of the most common causes for concern — especially for new dog owners — is white foam. Dogs can vomit white foam for any number of reasons, including everything from a touch of indigestion all the way up to rabies. The most common causes for your dog vomiting white foam are:

  • Acid reflux
  • Common indigestion
  • Kennel cough

None of which are particularly dangerous, especially when treated swiftly. That said, white foam could also be an indicator for pancreatitis, bloat, kidney problems or ingestion of an inedible object. All of which are cause for more serious concern.

If the white foam expulsion appears to be more than an isolated incident, get in touch with your vet ASAP.

Dog Vomit Color Guide

Yellow dog vomit, red dog vomit, green dog vomit. What’s it matter if it’s all… dog vomit? Unseemly as they all may seem, the color is often the fastest way of narrowing down the cause of your dog’s vomit. But before you go searching for a color wheel and a magnifying glass, feel free to refer to our handy chart and some common sense:

Dog Vomit — A Guide To The Yucky Stuff - Nom Nom (2)

How to Treat Vomiting In Dogs


Most people wonder — what should I feed my dog after they vomit? But the presence of food in an irritated stomach often causes more vomiting. That means you can try fasting your dog for 24 hours, while offering plenty of access to water.

Over-the-counter Remedies

While certain antacids like famotidine (Pepcid) do not appear to be very effective in dogs, others like omeprazole (Prilosec) and its prescription cousins may work.

Natural Remedies

Ginger, too, has natural anti-nausea properties and may help to relieve vomiting in dogs in some cases; see dosing information here.


Probiotics for dogs, aka “good bacteria,” may help some cases of vomiting, especially those related to infection or inflammation in the dog’s stomach and intestines.

Prescription Medications

Maropitant (Cerenia) has more recently become a common anti-nausea medication for dogs — your vet may prescribe it to help relieve symptoms. Ondansetron and metoclopramide are some other names you might see when the topic comes up.

Adjusting Your Dog's Diet

When treating vomiting in dogs, your vet may recommend a more digestible diet such as a fresh food meal plan made with lean meats like poultry and rice or potato. More digestible foods may help to prevent excess material from reaching the large intestine and stimulating the process all over again.

We’d be remiss if we didn’t mention that fresh dog food can also help a dog with a sensitive stomach. Check out success stories from happy Nom Nom pups like Jordy and Harold.

Vomiting in Puppies

Puppies, as you probably know, are particularly vomit-prone. Their knack for adventure can lead them to chewing, gnawing or even swallowing what seems like everything but food.

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Puppies frequently develop gastroenteritis from ingesting plant material or off-limits human food. But as with adult dogs, isolated vomit isn’t much to worry about. Repeat or regular vomiting, however, is worth your attention. Certain infections like Parvovirus (or “Parvo” as the vets call it) can cause rapid dehydration and consistent vomiting, and occur more frequently in puppies than adult dogs.

When is a Dog Vomiting an Emergency?

Fortunately, like we mentioned waaaay back at the beginning of this guide, most causes of dog vomiting aren’t emergencies. Here’s a handy explainer to help you decide when to see a vet, and when to simply let time heal.

Give it Time

  • Dog vomits only once or a few times
  • Dog acts normal after throwing up
  • Vomiting caused by predictable source such as new medication

See the Vet

  • Frequent vomiting lasting longer than 24 hours in duration
  • Throwing up blood
  • Dehydration
  • Weakness or lethargy after vomiting
  • History of toxin or foreign body ingestion
  • Dog unable to produce vomit despite trying

Dog Vomit — A Guide To The Yucky Stuff - Nom Nom (3)


What should I feed my dog after throwing up bile? ›

What can I give my dog for throwing up bile? If your dog is otherwise bright and has only been sick once or twice you could try feeding them bland easy-to-digest food little and often. This includes a specially formulated sensitivity diet, or – in an emergency – cooked chicken, white fish, and white rice.

What home remedy can I give my dog for vomiting? ›

Let Your Dog's Stomach Rest

Resting the digestive tract is important when your dog is vomiting. I usually recommend withholding food for at least six to eight hours (don't fast puppies though). Depending on the situation you can also try herbs, a homeopathic medicine like Nux vomica or small amounts of bone broth.

What does it mean when a dog throws up undigested food? ›

Usually, it's regurgitation. Your dog may have eaten too much, too fast, or they may be suffering from stress. Megaesophagus is also a possibility, so you'll want to check with your vet to be sure. If your dog is vomiting, it usually happens at least a few minutes after your dog has eaten.

What does it mean when a dog throws up thick white mucus? ›

Dogs may cough up white, foamy mucus if they have kennel cough–and it might seem like they've vomited the substance. This can also occur with other respiratory issues. Kennel cough is usually mild and often resolves on its own, but in rare cases it can lead to serious complications.

Why is my dog throwing up but acting normal? ›

Dog vomiting may be caused by poor canine judgment, also known as dietary indiscretion, and may not be much cause for concern. However, vomiting can also be a symptom of serious or even life-threatening conditions that require emergency medical attention and should be diagnosed and treated by a veterinarian.

What settles a dog's stomach? ›

Chicken and rice are prime ingredients in many dog foods, and these mild foods sit well on upset canine stomachs. Plus, this bland meal is easy to prepare. All you need are boneless, skinless chicken breasts and rice.

What does the color of dog vomit mean? ›

Here are all the types of colors dog vomit comes in: Brown is usually due to a blockage or ingestion of poop. Yellow vomit means bile. Red indicates blood and requires a vet. White is mostly saliva.

Should I be worried if my dog throws up her food? ›

If your dog simply cannot stop vomiting after eating food and grass, bring him to the vet or emergency animal clinic as soon as possible. There could be something else wrong. He may have infectious or systemic disease, he may have a foreign body or even a twisted stomach.

What is the difference between a dog vomiting and regurgitation? ›

Vomiting is the ejection of contents of the stomach and upper intestine; regurgitation is the ejection of contents of the esophagus. Regurgitation often, but not always, happens right after eating and the pet will try to eat the regurgitated food.

How do you know if your dog has digestive problems? ›

Symptoms of Digestive Issues in Dogs
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea, with or without blood or mucus.
  • Constipation.
  • Increased gas or flatulence.
  • A lack of appetite.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Dehydration.
14 Mar 2021

What does parvo vomit look like? ›

Vomit may be clear or a yellow or brown color, and diarrhea will often contain blood and be a light yellow or mustard colored hue. In addition to vomiting frequently, your puppy may also appear to be drooling or foaming at the mouth as part of their parvo symptoms. Your puppy's nose may also begin running.

What color is the vomit of a dog with pancreatitis? ›

Another cause of yellow vomiting is pancreatitis. Sometimes, when a dog eats too many oily or fatty foods, the pancreas can become inflamed. If this is the case, yellow vomiting will typically occur between one and five days after the unsavory food was consumed.

What are the signs of pancreatitis in dogs? ›

What are the clinical signs of pancreatitis? The most common clinical signs include nausea, vomiting, fever, lethargy, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and decreased appetite. During an attack, dogs may take a 'praying position', with their rear end up in the air while their front legs and head are lowered onto the floor.

Do dogs feel guilty for throwing up? ›

They're sorry, but they know their people will clean it up because everyone just feels bad that the animal got sick. So they don't feel guilty. Finally, there's the dog or cat that really just doesn't care at all and figure their people will clean it up, and if the people yell, they just think it's a human problem.

Should dogs drink water after vomiting? ›

Allow your dog's stomach to “rest” by withholding all sources of food and water for at least two hours, and possibly as long as eight to 12 hours. If no additional vomiting occurs during that time — and no new symptoms (such as diarrhea) appear — offer a small amount of water.

Why is my dog throwing up but not acting sick? ›

Some dogs are prone to vomiting on a regular basis. Chronic vomiting in young dogs is often due to parasites or a food sensitivity. It can also be caused by certain diseases or health issues. Bloodwork, X-rays, ultrasounds, or biopsies are often necessary to diagnose the problem.

Can dogs throw up and not be sick? ›

"It is not a specific disease or diagnosis itself." Vomiting is a clinical sign that can occur with many diseases or problems; it is not a specific disease or diagnosis itself. Dogs vomit quite readily and occasional vomiting in an otherwise healthy dog may not indicate anything abnormal.

Why does my dog keep throwing up but doesn't act sick? ›

Common Causes of Vomiting

Consuming garbage, fatty foods, and table scraps. Ingesting bones, rubber balls, stones, hair, sticks and other foreign objects. Intestinal parasites, such as roundworms. Viral infections, such as distemper, parvovirus and coronavirus.

What do vets give dogs for upset stomach? ›

Vets often suggest a bland diet to treat a dog's upset stomach. Rice and chicken, or a more specific diet, removes the irritating substances from food to help your dog's digestive system rebalance itself.

How long can a dog's upset stomach last? ›

Thankfully, most upset stomachs should clear up within 48 hours. However, digestive issues can continue longer if the underlying cause is a long-term problem – examples can be chronic stress, a food allergy (if no dietary changes have been made), or an untreated health condition.

What medicine can I give my dog for an upset stomach? ›

Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol®) is commonly kept in medicine cabinets for digestive upsets and can be administered to your dog.

What color of vomit is bad for dogs? ›

If your dog's vomit is dark, red, or black, veterinarians recommend contacting your veterinarian as soon as possible. It's always a good idea to check with your veterinarian if anything seems off, because a dog vomit color guide is just that—a guide and not a diagnosis.

What different color puke means? ›

Strange colors: Vomit may look bright red or dark (like coffee grounds) if it contains blood. Meanwhile, bile -- a fluid made by your liver that helps with digestion -- can make vomit look bright green. Both are cause for concern. Blood could be a sign of an ulcer or an irritation in your GI tract.

What is the first signs of parvo in a dog? ›

Some of the signs of parvovirus include lethargy; loss of appetite; abdominal pain and bloating; fever or low body temperature (hypothermia); vomiting; and severe, often bloody, diarrhea. Persistent vomiting and diarrhea can cause rapid dehydration, and damage to the intestines and immune system can cause septic shock.

How long does it take a dog to vomit after eating something bad? ›

Wait 10-15 minutes for your dog to vomit.

Vomiting usually begins quickly after a dog ingests hydrogen peroxide—usually within 10 minutes.

How long do dogs throw up after eating something bad? ›

Acute vomiting is a sudden episode, usually brought on by eating too much and too fast and generally lasts only a day or two.

Should I let my dog sleep after throwing up? ›

Also, only give your dog a little bit of water every hour so it doesn't drink too much and get sick again. Try to get your dog to lie down and rest after it vomits, and put a blanket on it if it seems cold. If any vomit got on your dog's fur, clean it off with a warm, damp washcloth.

How can you tell if a dog has a blockage? ›

What are the symptoms of intestinal blockages in dogs?
  1. Vomiting.
  2. Loss of appetite.
  3. Weakness.
  4. Nausea.
  5. Diarrhea.
  6. Straining or unable to poop.
30 Nov 2021

What does a dog with acid reflux sound like? ›

Grinding their teeth or snapping their jaw. Painful swallowing (they may cry or whine) Regurgitation of their food.

How do dogs act with stomach issues? ›

Gulping, gagging and lip smacking – All of these behaviors indicate your dog is struggling with nausea. They may be trying to hold back an urge to vomit. Vomiting and diarrhea – These are the most obvious and immediate signs of upset stomach.

How do dogs act when they have an upset stomach? ›

Vomiting and diarrhea are common signs of an inflamed, irritated stomach and intestines, or gastrointestinal upset in dogs and puppies. Other signs that your dog has an upset stomach could include, licking lips or licking the air (sign of nausea), gulping (as a way to combat acid reflux), loss of appetite and lethargy.

How do you check a dog's stomach? ›

Place one hand on either side of your dog's abdomen and press gently, moving from front to back. You may not be able to identify abdominal abnormalities, but you should note any sign of pain. Roll him over and examine his abdomen for skin lesions.

How do I know if my dog has parasites? ›

The most common signs and symptoms of intestinal parasites are:
  1. Diarrhea, with or without blood or mucus.
  2. Scooting.
  3. Vomiting.
  4. Distended abdomen (belly)
  5. Weight loss.
  6. Decreased activity.
  7. Dull coat.

Is there a dog virus going around right now? ›

It's called Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC). Just as we are experiencing with COVID, CIRDC is multiple viruses and bacteria that affect the dog's respiratory tract causing symptoms such as sneezing, coughing and hacking.

What should I feed my dog after vomiting? ›

Do not feed your dog for 12 to 24 hours. Once your dog has not vomited for at least 6 hours, you can offer a small meal. A bland, easily digestible food such as cooked white rice mixed with boiled white meat chicken (no bones or skin) is ideal, but you can also use a small portion of your dog's regular diet.

What does dog bile vomit look like? ›

If your dog throws up yellow foam, or a yellow-green foam, it's probably bile, and you should take your pup to the vet right away to determine the cause. Bile is produced in the liver, stored in the gall bladder and released into the small intestine to help break food down.

What does pancreatitis poop look like in dogs? ›

A greasy-looking gray stool can be a sign of too much fat in your dog's diet, which can trigger pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas that can range from very mild to life threatening. A black, tarry stool typically indicates the presence of old blood somewhere in the dog's digestive system.

What foods trigger pancreatitis in dogs? ›

Acute pancreatitis can occur after a dog eats a fatty food such as pork, beef, and some other human foods. Dogs that get into garbage can develop pancreatitis. Pancreatitis can also have other causes, including certain medications and some viral or bacterial infections.

What can you do for a vomiting dog? ›

Treatment For Vomiting Dogs

if it is a single vomit, withhold food for at least 6 hours. Make sure that they have water available but avoid excessive water intake as this can lead to further vomiting. if the vomiting stops, small bland food meals can be introduced. gradually increase the amount of water.

What breeds of dogs are prone to pancreatitis? ›

Any dog can develop pancreatitis, but some dogs seem to be at higher risk for the disease. Pancreatitis is most often seen in middle-aged and older female dogs that are obese. Miniature Schnauzers, Poodles, Cocker Spaniels, and Yorkshire Terriers are all reported to be at higher risk for pancreatitis.

Should you feed dog after throws up bile? ›

A lack of food can cause bile to build up and irritate your dog's stomach lining, so in this case, it's a good idea to feed your dog after you see him vomiting yellow.

Should I feed my dog after bilious vomiting? ›

Even when dogs with bilious vomiting syndrome are treated with medications, they should continue to eat a late evening and early morning meal.

When can you feed a dog after bile? ›

If your dog is suffering from bilious vomiting, you should try to provide them with their normal dog food just before they go to bed. Then, you should feed them again right after you get up in the morning. This is especially important if you notice that the vomiting episodes typically happen first thing in the morning.

Should I feed my dog after vomiting white bile? ›

If your dog has vomited white foam only once and is still happy and eating, this may just be a mild upset stomach. Keep them cool and relaxed and withhold food for 12 hours, to help calm their stomach. Monitor them closely for more serious symptoms.

What to watch for after dog throws up? ›

Something metabolic like liver or kidney health may be off and if he regularly vomits, seems lethargic or not himself, displays other abnormal behavior, has trouble breathing, or your dog's abdomen looks bloated and is painful, you'll want to seek medical attention and check with your vet immediately to investigate ...

How long does it take for a dog to feel better after vomiting? ›

Their body will need to naturally recover after vomiting, which is generally over a period of 1-2 days.

How long should a dog rest after vomiting? ›

Allow your dog's stomach to “rest” by withholding all sources of food and water for at least two hours, and possibly as long as eight to 12 hours. If no additional vomiting occurs during that time — and no new symptoms (such as diarrhea) appear — offer a small amount of water.

Should I fast my dog after vomiting? ›

After a dog vomits, it's generally best to withhold food for several hours and observe, but don't withhold water. 2 If your dog vomits one time and then acts completely normal, you can probably resume your normal feeding routine within six to 12 hours, or when the next meal is due.

What color is parvo vomit? ›

Your puppy will vomit and have diarrhea if canine parvovirus is present in their system. Vomit may be clear or a yellow or brown color, and diarrhea will often contain blood and be a light yellow or mustard colored hue.

Why is my dog throwing up yellow and white liquid? ›

Vomit that's yellow or green, or looks foamy, usually contains bile, a substance that is produced by the liver and that assists with the digestive process. If your dog's vomit is foamy it can indicate a buildup of stomach acid.

Why is my dog throwing up yellow and white stuff? ›

Dogs sometimes throw up yellow foam. This yellow foam is bile or digestive fluid that's created in the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine below the stomach. Basically, this means that your dog's stomach is empty and the bile is irritating its stomach lining.

Why is my dog throwing up white and yellow mucus? ›

The cause: Some of the causes of vomiting in dogs include digestive issues, diabetes, and kidney failure. If your dog solely vomits foam or a yellow or clear liquid, it could indicate acute gastritis, pancreatitis, intestinal blockage, or other issues.


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